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HIV Testing Options

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HIV Basics

Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, is a sexually transmitted infection that targets CD4+ cells (also known as T-cells), a type of white blood cell, and weakens the body's immune system. HIV is a sometimes considered a "silent" infection, because symptoms may not appear for several years or symptoms that do appear may mimic other common illnesses like a cold or the flu; therefore, it can be difficult for a person to know that he or she has HIV without getting an HIV test.

Our FDA-Approved HIV Test Options:

The HIV 4th Generation Antibody/Antigen Test screens for antibodies to the HIV virus (HIV type-1 and HIV type-2), as well as p24 antigens to the virus. The seroconversion or window period during which HIV antibodies begin to be detected in a sample is between 3-12 weeks, or 2-6 weeks for p24 antigens to be detectable in a blood sample.

The HIV RNA Early Detection Test detects the Human Immunodeficiency Virus’s genetic material called ribonucleic acid (RNA). This blood test is used to diagnose very early infections of HIV type-1 (the most common strain of HIV in the US and most of the world) because it can detect the virus’s RNA as early as 9-11 days after exposure.

Retesting for HIV

Since immune systems vary from person to person, our physicians recommend everyone who gets tested before 3 months have elapsed, get tested again after 3 months have past from when you think you may have first come into contact with HIV to confirm your initial test results. Antibodies, antigens and RNA should all be detectable in a blood sample at this timeframe.

HIV Testing Options

HIV Antibody Test

  • Also known as Immunochemiluminometric assay (ICMA) test with Reflex to Western Blot
  • Tests for HIV antibodies in the blood
  • Generally takes 25 days -2 months for the body to develop enough antibodies to be detected through testing
  • HIV Antibody tests are usually accurate in detecting HIV infection, and the test has a low false result rate after the first few weeks
  • In cases where results are negative, repeat testing should be conducted 3 months post exposure

Western Blot Test

  • This test is automatically performed on the same blood sample at no additional cost to confirm a positive HIV antibody test result.
  • If the HIV Antibody Test comes back negative, the Western blot will not be performed.
  • Tests for HIV antibodies in the blood using a prepared protein sample
  • Indeterminate Western blot test results may signal a HIV infection; however, our doctors recommend re-testing 3 months post-exposure as indeterminate results may become more clearly positive after time has passed if the person tested is in fact HIV positive

HIV RNA Early Detection Test

  • Also known as Transcription-mediated amplification (TMA) test
  • Test measures the presence of HIV RNA in the plasma of patients. Positive test results are indicative of acute(new) or primary infection
  • Can detect HIV as early as 9-11 days after infection, or before antibodies are produced
  • HIV RNA tests can be used to detect recent HIV infection and can also be used when antibody tests prove inconclusive
  • If the test result is negative, the HIV RNA Early Detection Test does not have to be repeated

Why You Should Get Tested For HIV

According to recent recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). Americans between ages 15-65 should be tested annually for the HIV virus. Additionally, the USPSTF recommends that pregnant women be screened for HIV, including women who are untested or whose HIV status is unknown.

Getting tested is important, regardless of your current health status. Because HIV symptoms may take several years to appear, you should not assume that you are HIV negative. Therefore, you should be screened for HIV on a regular basis, particularly if you exhibit one or more of the following risk factors:

  • Engaging in unprotected sex with one or more partners
  • Sharing needles or syringes with others while using intravenous drugs
  • Having oral, vaginal or anal sex with a partner or partners whose HIV status you do not know or who is at risk for HIV
  • Having another sexually transmitted disease (STD)
  • Getting a tattoo or piercing in cases where sterile equipment is not used
  • Here are some preventative measures for avoiding the spread of HIV:

  • Detecting a HIV infection in people who demonstrate HIV symptoms prevents the virus from spreading to others
  • Screening blood, blood products and donated organs for HIV ensures that you will not acquire HIV as well
  • Routinely screening pregnant women for HIV prevents the infection from being passed on to the fetus
  • Annual HIV and STD testing will inform you of your sexual health status and help protect the health of your partner

HIV Test Result Outcomes


No HIV antibodies or genetic material was found. Our doctors recommend waiting 9-11 days to take the HIV RNA Early Detection Test or 25 days to take the HIV Antibody Test after initial exposure to HIV to ensure accurate results. It is also important to follow up a negative HIV Antibody Test with a re-test 3 months after exposure to confirm the validity of the negative result.


HIV antibodies or genetic material was found; a positive HIV Antibody diagnosis is often confirmed with a Reflex to Western blot test. A positive HIV RNA Early Detection Test result confirms the presence of HIV as soon as 9-11 days post-exposure by measuring the HIV viral load in your blood.
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Sample Test Results

  • HIV Type 1
  • Herpes 1
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis C
  • Gonorrhea
  • HIV Type 2
  • Herpes 2
  • Hepatitis B
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis

Choose Your Packages

(Learn More) {[ 188 | currency ]}
(Learn More) {[ 349 | currency ]}